SEA Biology is the second-year science course for students in the Space and Engineering Academy. Biology is the natural science that involves the study of life and living organisms, including their physical and chemical structure, function, development and evolution. SEA Biology gives students a good foundation in Biology with related Earth Science phenomena and Engineering applications. Engineering practices are integrated into SEA Biology through team design projects. A connection to space sciences is made by relating topics to the colonization of Mars. SEA Biology also provides students with skills and content necessary for additional study in science and engineering. The following topics are be covered: cell structure and function; mitosis and cell division; cell differentiation; systems of specialized cells; homeostasis and feedback mechanisms; energy and matter flow through ecosystems; ecosystem dynamics; photosynthesis and cellular respiration; history of earth’s atmosphere and biogeochemical cycles; DNA structure and function; meiotic cell division; genetics; DNA replication; protein synthesis; evidence of evolution; natural selection and adaptations; social interactions and group behavior; ecosystem stability and its response to climate change; the influence of natural resource availability, natural hazards, and changes in climate on human populations; human impacts on ecosystems; natural resources and global climate change; conservation of natural resources-solutions and sustainability. SEA Biology meets all California State Science Standards for Biology and Engineering Design, and many California State Science Standards for Earth and Space Sciences. This is one of three science courses that are required for high school graduation. SEA Biology also meets UC and CSU admission requirements for lab science, and is considered an Honors course for UC admission.